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WHEREAS the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia (hereinafter referred to as "the Parties") wish to further promote the close and friendly relations between the countries;
RECOGNISING the benefits to be derived by both Parties from the reciprocal protection and enforcement of copyright in their respective countries;
HAVE AGREED as follows:
For the purposes of this Agreement:
(a) in respect of "the Republic of Indonesia" means the territory under the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia and such parts of the continental shelf and the adjacent seas over which the Republic of Indonesia has sovereignty, sovereign rights as well as rights in accordance with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea;
(b) in respect of "Australia" means the territory under the sovereignty of Australia and the adjacent seas over which Australia exercises its sovereignty consistent with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, and other adjacent seas and the continental shelf over which Australia exercises sovereign rights or other rights in accordance with that Convention.
(2) "copyright works" means such works or other subject matter to which a Party accords protection and enforcement under its own copyright laws and procedures.
Scope of protection
The reciprocal protection and enforcement to be accorded by each Party under this Agreement shall apply to:
(a) copyright works in existence after the entry into force of this Agreement; and
(b) copyright works in existence before the entry into force of this Agreement, provided that no act by a person before the entry into force of this Agreement shall be taken to constitute an infringement of the copyright in, or in respect of, those works.
Reciprocity of protection and enforcement
(1) In accordance with its respective laws and procedures, each Party shall accord to the copyright works of citizens, residents or corporations which are entitled to copyright protection and enforcement in the territory of the other Party, copyright protection and enforcement on the same basis as that accorded to the copyright works of its own citizens, residents or corporations.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this Article, where a Party does not provide copyright protection and enforcement on the same basis as that accorded by the other Party, a Party may, in giving effect to this Agreement, except or modify the application of its copyright laws in its territory to the copyright works, or a class of copyright works, of citizens, residents or corporations of the other Party, without prejudicing their copyright protection which has been accorded in the territory of the other Party.
With regard to the protection and enforcement of copyright works, any advantage, favour, privilege or immunity granted by a Party to the nationals of any third country shall be accorded immediately and unconditionally to the nationals of the other Party. Exempted from this obligation is any advantage, favour, privilege or immunity accorded by a Party:
(a) Deriving from international agreements or arrangements on judicial assistance and law enforcement of a general nature and not particularly confined to the protection of copyright works;
(b) Granted in accordance with the provisions of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, as revised from time to time and at Paris on 24 July 1971, or the International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations, done at Rome 26 October 1961, authorizing that the treatment accorded be function not of national treatment but of the treatment accorded in another country.
Any dispute between the Parties relating to the implementation or interpretation of this Agreement shall be settled amicably by consultation or negotiation.
Taking account of the development of intellectual property, this Agreement may be amended at any time through negotiation or consultation between the Parties.
Entry into force and termination
(1) This Agreement shall come into force on the date of the last notification by which the Parties notify each other through diplomatic channels that their constitutional requirements for the entry into force of this Agreement have been fulfilled.
(2) This Agreement may be terminated at any time by either Party upon written notice six months prior to its termination.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement.
DONE in duplicate at Jakarta this seventeenth day of November of the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety two in the English language.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF
AUSTRALIA: THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA:
GARETH EVANS ALI ALATAS
 SD 30 Vol. I p. 1; ILM 21 p. 1261.
 ATS 1978 No. 5; UNTS 1161 p. 3; UKTS 1990 No. 63 (Cm 1212).
 ATS 1992 No. 29; UNTS 496 p. 43; UKTS 1964 No. 38 (Cmnd. 2425).